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(en) A century later, a country may have a 100-year history By Vitor Nuzzi - By ANA (ca, gr, pt) [machine translation]
Sun, 16 Jul 2017 00:50:27 +0300
[Note from "ANA": Celebration of the centenary of the general strike of 1917 by CUT-PT is,
at least, a great irony ...] ---- Movements recall what is considered the first general
strike in Brazil and show similarities with the current moment, with a risk of loss of
labor rights ---- To the sound of The International , classic of the lefts sung with
enthusiasm by approximately 100 people, finished an event that celebrated the centenary of
the first general strike in the country. But the act of this Monday (10) in the Araçá
Cemetery, in the western region of São Paulo, had a current character, due to the
proximity of the vote of a project that could reach rights that did not exist in 1917 and
were conquered in the following decades. The link between the historic periods was made by
all demonstrators, on the eve of the vote on the Labor "reform" project (PLC 38) in the
It is in the Araçá that is buried, in block 132, the Spaniard Jose Iñeguez Martinez,
cobbler and anarchist militant of 21 years assassinated during the strike of 1917. A plate
was unmasked in homage to him, with signatures of the CUT, PT and Foundation Perseu
Abramo. Text read by the national secretary of Culture of the power station, José
Celestino Lourenço, Tino, refers to the "inhuman working days", child labor and the
degrading conditions of the workers of that time. "The 1917 strike was critical not only
for the end of the Old Republic, but for the social protection laws" that would emerge
from the 1930s and culminate with the CLT in 1943.
"We are making a historic rescue from a moment of bravery," said CUT Sao Paulo president
Douglas Izzo. "Unfortunately, the workers' struggle continues to be treated by law
enforcement and the state as a transgression. We still have a lot to fight for. What they
are aiming for in Brazil is to end all the civilizing advance we have achieved with the
struggle of José Martinez and other comrades, "added Douglas, holding a facsimile edition
of the newspaper A Plebe , launched in 1917 by inspiration of Edgard Leuenroth, Anarchist
militant who names a file maintained by the State University of Campinas (Unicamp).
We do not just need the patch,
We need the whole coat.
We do not need pieces of bread,
We need real bread.
We do not just need employment,
Of the whole factory we need.
Members of the theater group Ouro Velho recites poetry. The first is the Song of the
Patch and the Jacket , by the German Bertolt Brecht. A representative of the Center for
Social Culture - created in 1993 and dedicated to the study and preservation of anarchist
thought - recalled that 10,000 people were in the same Araçá on July 10, 1917, at the
funeral of Martinez. The strike left other victims, such as bricklayer Nicolau Salerno,
and young Edoarda Binda, 12. But the death toll is presumably higher.
Researcher and activist José Luiz Del Roio, author of a book on the 1917 strike, refers to
the disappeared people of that period and the dictatorship since 1964. "Where did our
comrades end up?" He asks, highlighting the importance of Act of today. "This is not the
end, but the beginning or continuation of a story."
Del Roio also cites the history of the Peruvian bones found in a clandestine grave in the
Don Bosco Cemetery in 1990 and which remained during a certain period in Araçá. Now they
are under analysis from the Center for Archeology and Forensic Anthropology, Federal
University of São Paulo. His companion Isis, who disappeared in 1972, may be among the
Alongside Del Roio, the railroad leader Raphael Martinelli, who will turn 93 in October,
speaks of his working origins - his father was 24 years old in 1917. The journalist Sérgio
Gomes reports the death of Professor Ecléa Bosi, who earns a quick tribute .
Director of the Perseu Abramo Foundation, former president of CUT and former municipal
secretary of Labor in São Paulo, Artur Henrique sees the 1917 strike as "a mobilization
against the exploitation of capital" and adds that, after a century, workers organize A
general strike against the "dismantling" of labor legislation. It emphasizes the
importance of preserving memory.
This year, a project was approved by the São Paulo city councilor Antonio Donato (PT),
which gave rise to Law 16,634 of April. The law includes the city's official calendar on
July 9 as Labor Day.
The president of the CUT, Vagner Freitas, observes that the left was changing its
organization according to the time - but with the same objectives. "Since the coup
(reference to Dilma Rousseff's impeachment), the centers and fronts we have formed have
been fighting in every way. And the main one is the street. "
"What are our rights made of? In 100 years, how many? How many women have been raped, how
many young people have been silenced, how many workers have been killed? ", Questions the
CUT vice-president, Carmen Foro, highlighting the violence still present in rural areas -
600 dead in 30 years, according to the Pastoral Land Commission CPT), says the trade
unionist, from Pará of origin. "The consciousness of the working class must be connected
with its past, with its history."
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